How To Take Care Of Newly Planted Trees

Proper care in the first two years of life of newly planted trees is vital for their harmonious development and rich production in the years to come.
Spring
At the end of April, sometimes even earlier, droughts can occur. Newly planted trees are very vulnerable to water scarcity due to the superficial root system. Consider the water-friendly supply of these trees (at least 20-30 liters a week) during periods lacking precipitation. If they are not watered properly, the damages may be fatal because it encourages the development of surface roots. These roots can endanger their life if there is a drought and no irrigation.
Depending on the soil quality, it may be necessary to apply a foliar fertilizer to encourage the tree development.
If you notice an intense activity of ants in the trees, this may indicate the presence of aphids (fleas on the young shoots). Aphids must be combated either by bio or chemical means, as they can harm very seriously the development of the tree. The shoots that grow in unsuitable positions should be weeded before they become woody, which contributes to the formation of a harmonious crown in a shorter term.
The shoots that will form the crown (the skeleton branches) must be guided in the desired direction. It will prevent the shoots growing vertically, competing with the shaft or competing with each other.
Freshly planted trees can be allowed to bloom, but not to yield. Even if it is not pleasant, the fruit must be broken to allow the tree to use all the nutrients available for structural development. The same will happen the next year.
Summer
The shoots should be further directed to obtain the desired crown shape.
Carefully monitor the health of the tree by suppressing pests (manually or by treatments, as appropriate) and applying disease treatments if necessary.
Ensure a good water supply to the tree.
The weed competition must be eliminated.
Autumn
Remove diseased and dry branches. Also remove those branches that have traces of harmful pests.
Make a heap at the base of the stem to prevent eventual frostbites of the surface roots. Starting next year, this work will no longer be necessary.
Since mid-September the trees shouldn’t be irrigated anymore to favour the ending of vegetation and the maturation of branches (preparation for winter).

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