All About Growing Mint

Folk etymology: brandy mint, peppermint
Folk eymology in other languages: Italian – menta; German – pfefferminze
Scientific name: mentha aquatica x spicata
Origin: perennial herbaceous species obtained by natural hybridization of species Mentha aquatica and Mentha spicata.
Usage: aromatic herb, medicinal plant, pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics industry, food industry
Cultivation conditions:
The aerial part of the mint plant is affected by temperatures below 17° F (the aerial part breaks in Winter and is restored in Spring). The mint plant resists through the Winter due to its buried parts: rhizomes, stolons and root (they can withstand temperatures of -22° F );
Mint is a species with moderate drought tolerance, irrigation being recommended;
Mint prefers moderately fertile and well-drained soils. The best soils for mint are clayey or sandy soils.
Soil response: Mint prefers a pH between 5.5-6.5 and sprouts to wider pH values between 4.5-8.3;
Mint is a perennial plant with light temperament (prefers sunny places), but it also supports semi-shadow conditions;
Mint culture is maintained for a period of 2-3 to 5 years, after which it must be replaced with another crop

Soil preparation starts with a 8-12 inch depth furrow.
It’s preferable to plant the mint in Autumn (October) or Spring. The stolons / rhizomes must have a size between 4-6 inch (3-4 knots), they are kept moist until planting (it is very important to avoid their dehydration).
Mint stools are planted at a depth of 2-4 inch in the ground at a distance of 27.5 inches between rows and 2-4 inch between plants per row so that we provide a density of 20-30 plants / sqm.
Weed control in crops will be done through mechanized or manual drills. Combating monocotyledonous weeds can be made using specific herbicides but be very CAREFUL with the pesticide restrictions as mint is a medicinal plant.
The irrigation will be done in moderation (excessive humidity may lead to the occurrence of soil diseases). We recommend post – harvest irrigation in order to help vigorous development of the future growths.
The harvesting is done by mowing (for 2-3 years old cultures) the blooming part of the plant (in July) or by picking up the leaves of 5-6 cm long.
Production: From a mint culture you can get 5-10 tons / acre of raw materials from which you get 1 t / acre of dried mint. The aerial part of the plant is rich in essential oil (contains 0.3-0.5% etheric oil). The ether oil contains 50% menthol;

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